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Common Starling
Sturnus vulgaris
species of Sturnidae

ad. male
1st cy
ad.
feather number longest
primary 10 per wing 104.0 - 116.5mm n=12
P9 (17%) P8 (83%)
secondary 9 per wing 71.0 - 79.5mm n=13
S1 (100%)
retrix 12
69.0 - 75.0mm n=14
R5 (50%) R6 (7%) R4 (29%) R3 (14%)
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1st cy
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1st cy
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juv.
specimens gallery

country allocations

introduced

Argentina · Aruba · Australia · Bahamas · Bermuda · Canada · Cayman Islands · Cuba · Dominican Republic · Fiji · Haiti · Jamaica · Mexico · New Zealand · Puerto Rico · Saint Pierre and Miquelon · Tonga · Turks and Caicos Islands · United States of America · Virgin Islands, U.S. ·

native

Afghanistan · Albania · Algeria · Armenia · Austria · Azerbaijan · Bahrain · Belarus · Belgium · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Bulgaria · China · Croatia · Cyprus · Czechia · Denmark · Egypt · Estonia · Faroe Islands · Finland · France · Georgia · Germany · Gibraltar · Greece · Hong Kong · Hungary · Iceland · Iran, Islamic Republic of · Iraq · Ireland · Israel · Italy · Japan · Jordan · Kazakhstan · Kuwait · Kyrgyzstan · Latvia · Lebanon · Libya · Liechtenstein · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Malta · Moldova, Republic of · Mongolia · Montenegro · Morocco · Nepal · Netherlands · North Macedonia · Norway · Oman · Palestine, State of · Poland · Portugal · Qatar · Romania · Russian Federation · Saudi Arabia · Serbia · Slovakia · Slovenia · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland · Syrian Arab Republic · Tajikistan · Tunisia · Türkiye · Turkmenistan · Ukraine · United Arab Emirates · United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland · Uzbekistan ·

vagrant

Bhutan · Cabo Verde · Greenland · Korea, Republic of · Maldives · Myanmar · Panama · Svalbard and Jan Mayen · Taiwan, Province of China · Thailand · Vanuatu · Viet Nam · Yemen ·

Songbirds and kin

distribution

conservation status

  • CITES
    not listed
  • Regulation (EG) Nr. 865/2006
    not listed
  • German Federal Nature Conservation Act §44
    protected